Accreditation is a confirmation of a compliance of a legal entity or individual entrepreneur with the established accreditation criteria, serving as an official certificate of its competence. The legal institution of accreditation works in many countries of the world according to the uniform rules established by the international standards.
An important step in the development of the Russian accreditation system was the adoption of the Federal law № 412-FL dated December 28, 2013 "On accreditation in the national accreditation system", which provided the basic legislative conditions for accreditation in accordance with international standards.
Another task within the framework of the formation of the uniform national accreditation system was the provision of its international recognition through the membership of the Federal service for accreditation in two largest international associations – International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) and International Accreditation Forum (IAF).
Another area of work in the framework of establishing a unified national accreditation system is forming a system of good laboratory practice.
Good Laboratory Practice is an international system of norms, rules and requirements for laboratories that study the effects of new chemicals on humans and the environment, as well as the rules for controlling the quality of these studies and reporting their results. GLP is used in many countries around the world as a mandatory quality standard when carrying out research on new pharmaceutical and cosmetic products, food and feed supplements, pesticides, chemical agents and veterinary products.
The National Program for the implementation of the GLP principles of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in carrying out the activities of Russian testing centers (laboratories) in the field of non-clinical laboratory research was approved by the Order of the Russian Government No. 2603-r on December 28, 2012
Methodological and regulatory support for the process of establishing a system of good laboratory practice in Russia is provided by the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia. The national body for monitoring the compliance with the principles of good laboratory practice is RusAccreditation (Federal Service for Accreditation).