Currently, the performance and effectiveness of control and supervision activities are determined in accordance with the Rules of preparation of reports on the implementation of state control (supervision), municipal control in the relevant areas of activity and the effectiveness of such control (supervision), approved by the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 05.04.2010 № 215. The evaluation system is based mainly on quantitative indicators, such as the number of inspections and the amount of fines issued, which often encourages inspectors to find violations and punish entrepreneurs by the results of each inspection.
The first step to the implementation of the new system was the development of the basic model of efficiency and effectiveness of control and supervision by Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation, which was approved by the Government decree of May 17, 2016 № 934. This model is a methodological tool with which the control agencies can determine a list of indicators reflecting the effectiveness of their verification activities and the achievement of the necessary results. In addition, the document also provides indicative indicators characterizing the process activities of the control Department, as well as various aspects of its control and Supervisory activities.
In accordance with the decree № 934 a pilot project on introduction of system of effectiveness and efficiency was carried out, which involved seven departments: Roszdravnadzor, FMBA of Russia, the Rosselkhoznadzor, the EMERCOM of Russia, Federal Forestry Agency, Rospotrebnadzor and Rostekhnadzor. In General, the pilot project proved the "viability" of the basic model.
Within the framework of the reform of control and Supervisory activities, the basic model of performance and effectiveness evaluation has been updated by the Government decree № 999-R of 23.05.2017. It is supplemented by a list of indicative indicators characterizing the direct state of the controlled sphere, as well as the section that describes the negative phenomena, the elimination of which is the aim of the activities of the controlling agencies, and a list of indicators for new forms of control measures (control procurement, "contactless" control, warning about the prevention of violations of mandatory requirements, and others). Recommendation formulas for calculating certain indicators (efficiency, business costs) were also established.
At the meeting of the project Committee on the main direction of strategic development of the Russian Federation "The reform of the control and Supervisory activities" on February 13, 2018 № 1, the maturity Standard of performance management and efficiency of the control and Supervisory activities was approved, which is a methodological tool in the creation of departmental systems of performance management and efficiency of control and oversight activities and provides the formation of methodological and practical approaches to the reorientation of the control and oversight activities.
In 2018, the Ministry of economic development of Russia plans to provide the support for the development of indicator passports by the Federal Executive authorities, including methods of calculating the damage caused. Federal Executive authorities, which are the participants of the project will develop and approve indicator passports (at least 20), along with the methods of calculating the damage caused, including:
- methodology for calculation of indicators, including calculation formulas;
- target and forecast values;
- description of the main circumstances characterizing the current value of the indicator;
- description of ways and methods to achieve the target values;
- description of the risks of not achieving the target values of the indicator;
- methods of collection and management of statistical and other data necessary for the calculation of the indicator including mechanisms and terms of their improvement/publication (including in open data format).