Implementation of the risk management system is one of the main directions in the reform of control and supervisory activities. It involves the classification of controlled objects depending on the degree of probable threat to the objects of value protected by law (including lives and health of citizens, property of citizens and organizations) and the application for each category of control and supervisory activities of various degrees of intensity.
The systematic implementation of the risk-based approach to the activities of control and supervisory bodies began with the making amendments to the Federal Law No. 294-FZ, which established common approaches to the application of the risk management system. The next step was the adoption of the Government Resolution of August 17, 2016 No. 806, which provides for the application of the risk-based approach in three types of government control (supervision). They include fire control, sanitary and epidemiological supervision and supervision in the communications sector.
In 2019 (as of January, 1), the criteria and categories of risk for 30 types of control and supervision activities have been approved.
Also, during the development of criteria and categories of risk, a number of agencies decided to discontinue scheduled inspections for certain types of control. At the moment, it has been agreed to abolish scheduled inspections when carrying out 8 types of control (supervision) activities.
In addition, risk indicators for the process of conducting unscheduled inspections are currently getting developed for three types of control (supervisory) activities. They include land supervision, sanitary and epidemiological supervision and control over the activities of accredited individuals. On the last type of control, the relevant Order of the Ministry of Economic Development has already been adopted.