Implementation of the risk management system is one of the main directions in the reform of control and supervisory activities. It involves the classification of controlled objects depending on the degree of probable threat to the objects of value protected by law (including lives and health of citizens, property of citizens and organizations) and the application for each category of control and supervisory activities of various degrees of intensity. Such an approach is aimed at all participants of the control and supervision system. Conscientious and responsible business, whose activities are not posing risks to society, is exempted from the administrative control of supervisory agencies. The supervisory bodies, in turn, can focus their efforts on potentially critical areas, which will make inspections more targeted and allow optimizing the resources. The systematic implementation of the risk-based approach to the activities of control and supervisory bodies began with the making amendments to the Federal Law No. 294-FZ, which established common approaches to the application of the risk management system. The next step was the adoption of the Government Resolution of August 17, 2016 No. 806, which provides for the application of the risk-based approach in three types of government control (supervision). They include fire control, sanitary and epidemiological supervision and supervision in the communications sector.
On these types of control, 2017 audit plans were prepared taking into account the risk criteria, which allowed to significantly reduce the number of inspection activities. So, only in the field of fire safety more than 700 thousand low-risk business entities were exempted from inspections, and the total number of scheduled inspections in the field of fire safety in 2017, as compared to 2016, was decreased by 30%. In addition, in February of 2017, the Government approved the risk criteria for supervision in the area of labor relations (Rostrud).
Since 2017, the implementation of the risk management system has been carried out as part of the priority program “Reform of control and supervisory activities”. The key objective of this phase is the adoption of normative acts that establish the criteria and categories of risk, and based on them – further development of 2018 audit plans on the types of control participating in the program.
In 2017 (as of November 15), the criteria and categories of risk for 17 types of control and supervision activities have been approved, including those carried out by the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, Rosreestr, Roszdravnadzor, Rosprirodnadzor, Rostrud and Rosselkhoznadzor.
Also, during the development of criteria and categories of risk, a number of agencies decided to discontinue scheduled inspections for certain types of control. At the moment, it has been agreed to abolish scheduled inspections when carrying out 5 types of control (supervision) activities: supervision in advertising; supervision over compliance with tariff legislation (FAS Russia); supervision in the field of consumer rights protection (Rospotrebnadzor); licensing control over installation and maintenance of fire safety devices in buildings and structures, as well as over firefighting activities (EMERCOM of Russia). It is planned to discontinue scheduled inspections when carrying out licensing control over the retail sale of alcoholic beverages.
In addition, risk indicators for the process of conducting unscheduled inspections are currently getting developed for three types of control (supervisory) activities. They include land supervision, sanitary and epidemiological supervision and control over the activities of accredited individuals. On the last type of control, the relevant Order of the Ministry of Economic Development has already been adopted.